Table 3

Problematic COVID-19 published articles

JournalIndexingIssueLocation of corresponding author’s institutionFinding
International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents38 39MEDLINEConcern regarding method, ethics review, and peer reviewFranceExpression of concern
Lancet Global Health40MEDLINEData falsificationChinaRetracted
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics41
MEDLINEUnknownChinaRetracted
Cellular & Molecular Immunology42MEDLINEInvalid conclusions due to flawed test methodology and incorrect biological material for studyChina and USARetracted
Lancet22MEDLINEAuthors unable to arrange an independent audit of the data foundational to the study due to blocked data accessUSARetracted
New England Journal of Medicine23MEDLINEAuthors unable to arrange an independent audit of the data foundational to the study due to blocked data accessUSARetracted
Bulletin de la Dialyse à Domicile43DOAJData erroneousFranceRetracted
Lancet44MEDLINEArticle is a commentary on a paper that subsequently was retracted22FranceRetracted
Journal of Molecular Pharmaceuticals and Regulatory Affairs45DRJI*‘The information pertaining in this paper is misleading the readers and creating massive conflicts amid the scientific community’45IndiaRetracted
Journal of Biological Regulators & Homeostatic Agents46MEDLINECorrupted peer review processItalyRetracted
Annals of Internal Medicine47MEDLINEFindings below the limit of detection thus unreliableSouth KoreaRetracted
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology48China Academic Literature DatabaseConcern regarding results and conclusionsChinaWithdrawn
Practical Preventive Medicine49China Academic Literature DatabaseUnknownChinaWithdrawn
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association50MEDLINEPublisher’s accidental duplication of another publication in the same journalUSAWithdrawn
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association51MEDLINEPublisher’s accidental duplication of another publication in the same journalUSAWithdrawn
Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease52 53MEDLINEAnother research team submitted the same case report to another journalIranWithdrawn
Engineering54DOAJ; ScopusLanguage editing required to improve paper’s clarityChinaTemporarily retracted but returned online
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology55MEDLINEUnknownChinaTemporarily retracted but returned online
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology56MEDLINEJournal production error in title of manuscript (delete word ‘effective’)57TurkeyTemporary removal from journal but returned after correction