Table 1

Population-level bioethics in comparison to deontology and utiliarianism

(moral framework)
(moral framework)
Population-level bioethics
(guiding questions to moral dilemmas)
Core conceptDuty to the individualMaximising utilityEquity within the population
Right actionRespect the rights and needs of all persons in the populationsMaximise the greatest good for the greatest numberDetermine the appropriate tradeoff between populations
StrengthsAll persons are respectedA large amount of good is producedConsiders innate and acquired differences between groups & subgroups
LimitationsThere is no consideration of the populationThere are no resources provided for the ‘minority’ groupsIt is difficult to determine how much of each resource to provide to each group