Table 5

Most frequently categorised outcomes based on the qualitative analysis of the responses to the open-ended questions

Categories of outcomes (new outcomes* and domain in bold)Domainn=meaning 
units
Netherlands
n (% of 331 respondents)
Sweden
n (% of 275 respondents)
Norway
n (% of 97 respondents)
More open communication among coworkersCollaboration14739 (12)77 (28)31 (32)
Better mutual understanding of each other’s reasoning and actingCollaboration11756 (17)47 (17)14 (14)
I see the ethically difficult situations from different perspectivesMoral reflexivity8844 (13)32 (12)12 (12)
Consensus is gained among coworkers in how to manage the ethically difficult situationsConcrete results5719 (6)35 (13)3 (3)
Enhanced sense of security in the team* Collaboration5531 (9)23 (8)1 (1)
Enhanced mutual respect among coworkersCollaboration4131 (9)10 (10)
Reach a common ground* Collaboration3925 (8)11 (4)3 (3)
Better support from each other* Collaboration3619 (6)12 (4)5 (5)
Enhances possibility to share difficult emotions and thoughts with coworkersEmotional support365 (2)24 (9)7 (7)
Greater opportunity for everyone to have their sayCollaboration3527 (8)8 (8)
I feel more secure when managing ethically difficult situationsEmotional support345 (2)23 (8)6 (6)
Contributes to the development of practice/policies in the workplaceOrgani-sational level3223 (7)9 (9)
Increases my awareness of the complexity of ethically difficult situationsMoral reflexivity309 (3)17 (6)4 (4)
Develop ethical routines to prevent recurring difficult patient situationsOrganis-ational level2929 (10)
A better grounded decision-making process in the patient situation* Concrete results2520 (6)5 (2)
Get to know where we stand in ethically difficult situations* Collaboration2623 (7)3 (1)
Centre more on patients’ wishes* Interaction with Pat/family† 244 (1)6 (2)14 (14)
Responding better to patients and family* Interaction with pat/family† 222 (0,6)20 (7)
Enhanced work climate’ Collaboration214 (1)7 (2)10 (10)
Better communication skills to manage patients and next-of-kin* Interaction with Pat/family† 1919 (7)
  • *New item.

  • †New domain.