Table 1

How to assess public good

Components of public good
Minimum requirementsSponsors may not censor publications
Research results may not be patented or commercialised
Further factors for Institutional Review Board /Research Ethics Committee to considerThe magnitude of the potential social value of the research relative to its risks and burdens
Whether the research addresses health inequities or the needs of disenfranchised or vulnerable patient groups
Whether the research addresses the needs of groups traditionally excluded from clinical research and therefore lacking in robust evidence to guide clinical care
Whether the research will be made publicly available and open access
Whether the research has engaged with patient groups in terms of pre-research consultation, ongoing partnership and/or patient involvement with the research governance