Table 4 Clinical importance of religion, stratified by physicians’ religious characteristics
Characteristic (n)Moral guidelines from religious traditions given “little to no weight”Religious beliefs shouldn’t keep doctors from providing legal medical options (agree/strongly agree)
BivariateMultivariate*BivariateMultivariate*
%P(χ2)OR (95% CI)%P(χ2)OR (95% CI)
Religious affiliation
    No religion (50)470.0001.0 referent940.0001.0 referent
    Hindu (91)511.2 (0.5 to 3.0)961.5 (0.3 to 8.8)
    Muslim (75)370.9 (0.3 to 2.5)940.9 (0.2 to 5.5)
    Catholic/Orthodox (92)290.5 (0.2 to 1.1)720.2 (0.04 to 0.8)†
    Protestant, evangelical (26)00.0330.04 (0.01 to 0.2)†
    Protestant, not evangelical (70)290.4 (0.2 to 0.97)†770.3 (0.1 to 1.4)
    Other religion (35)400.7 (0.2 to 2.0)900.7 (0.1 to 5.0)
Intrinsic religious motivation
    Low (153)560.0001.0 referent910.0001.0 referent
    Medium (117)350.4 (0.2 to 0.7)†830.5 (0.2 to 1.3)
    High (167)100.1 (0.04 to 0.2)†630.2 (0.1 to 0.5)†
Attend religious services
    Never (53)550.0001.0 referent890.0001.0 referent
    Once a month or less (240)380.4 (0.2 to 0.9)†880.8 (0.2 to 2.9)
    Twice a month or more (144)170.1 (0.1 to 0.3)†600.2 (0.1 to 0.6)†
Religious/spiritual
    Neither (93)580.0001.0 referent980.0001.0 referent
    Spiritual not religious (100)410.5 (0.3 to 1.1)830.1 (0.03 to 0.8)†
    Religious (243)180.2 (0.1 to 0.3)†680.1 (0.01 to 0.2)†
  • Table presents population estimates adjusted for survey design.

  • *Multivariate analyses include sex, age, region, immigration history, and specialty.

  • †p<0.05.