Table 3 Importance of patient’s wishes, stratified by physicians’ religious characteristics
Characteristic (n)Weight given to patient’s expressed wishes and values
Highest possible weightHighest relative weight
BivariateMultivariate*BivariateMultivariate*
%P(χ2)OR (95% CI)%P(χ2)OR (95% CI)
Religious affiliation
    No religion (50)660.3571.0 referent470.7761.0 referent
    Hindu (91)660.9 (0.4 to 2.4)491.0 (0.4 to 2.6)
    Muslim (75)620.8 (0.3 to 2.3)410.9 (0.3 to 2.3)
    Catholic/Orthodox (93)520.6 (0.3 to 1.4)400.9 (0.4 to 2.0)
    Protestant, evangelical (26)440.5 (0.2 to 1.4)340.6 (0.2 to 1.8)
    Protestant, not evangelical (70)550.7 (0.3 to 1.7)350.5 (0.2 to 1.1)
    Other religion (35)470.5 (0.2 to 1.3)370.6 (0.2 to 1.7)
Intrinsic religious motivation
    Low (153)670.0071.0 referent560.0001.0 referent
    Medium (118)530.5 (0.3 to 1.04)340.4 (0.2 to 0.7)†
    High (167)470.5 (0.3 to 0.8)†310.4 (0.2 to 0.7)†
Attend religious services
    Never (53)610.3101.0 referent440.4511.0 referent
    Once a month or less (240)580.8 (0.3 to 1.8)430.8 (0.4 to 1.8)
    Twice a month or more (145)500.6 (0.3 to 1.5)360.6 (0.3 to 1.4)
Religious/spiritual
    Neither (93)630.0391.0 referent520.0141.0 referent
    Spiritual not religious (100)631.4 (0.6 to 2.9)450.9 (0.4 to 1.9)
    Religious (244)490.6 (0.3 to 1.1)330.5 (0.3 to 0.9)†
  • Table presents population estimates adjusted for survey design.

  • *Multivariate analyses include sex, age, region, immigration history, and specialty.

  • †p<0.05.