Table 3 Citations before and after retraction, and journal impact factor (JIF), according to reasons for retraction
Reason for retractionMean number of citationsMean JIF
Before retractionAfter retraction
Research error13.715.811.68
Inability to reproduce10.720.6011.11
Plagiarism2.95.66.77
Research misconduct38.323.611.82
No reason given3.67.72.11
Other3.310.88.13