Table 4

Number (%) of medical and law students in favour of informing or not informing about the diagnosis or prognosis of cancer if the patient asks not to be told

(3) Diagnosis(4) Prognosis
Medical studentsLaw studentsMedical studentsLaw students
ScoreM (n=127)M1 (n=64)M2 (n=63)L (n=168)L1 (n=75)L2 (n=93)M (n=127)M1 (n=64)M2 (n=63)L (n=168)L1 (n=75)L2 (n=93)
*Mann-Whitney.
†Between the two groups of students from the same faculty.
Group M1 : 64 medical students at the end of their fifth year in 1996.
Group M2 : 63 medical students at the beginning of their fifth year in 1996.
Group L1 : 75 first to fourth year law students from an “international law” lecture in 1996.
Group L2 : 93 mostly first year law students from a “law and medicine” lecture in 1996.
Bold = all medical students; all law students.
1. Certainly do not tell 30 (23.6) 18 (28.1%)12 (19.0%) 22 (13.1) 8 (10.7%)14 (15.1%) 53 (41.7) 31 (48.4%)22 (34.9%) 40 (23.8) 14 (18.7%)26 (28.0%)
2. Probably do not tell 55 (43.3) 31 (48.4%)24 (38.1%) 69 (41.1) 24 (32.0%)45 (48.4%) 49 (38.6) 25 (39.1%)24 (38.1%) 65 (38.7) 24 (32.0%)41 (44.1%)
3. As likely to tell or not 27 (21.3) 10 (15.6%)17 (27.0%) 17 (10.1) 8 (10.7%)9 (9.7%) 16 (12.6) 6 (9.4%)10 (15.9%) 19 (11.3) 11 (14.7%)8 (8.6%)
4. Probably tell 10 (7.9) 4 (6.3%)6 (9.5%) 36 (21.4) 24 (32.0%)12 (12.9%) 5 (3.9) 1 (1.6%)4 (6.3%) 28 (16.7) 18 (24.0%)10 (10.8%)
5. Certainly tell 5 (3.9) 1 (1.6%)4 (6.3%) 23 (13.7) 11 (14.7%)12 (12.9%) 4 (3.1) 1 (1.6%)3 (4.8%) 15 (8.9) 8 (10.7%)7 (7.5%)
p Value* (law versus med.) 0.0004 <0.0001
p Value* (same faculty†)0.020.010.030.009