Table 1
PhlogistonMental illness
Stage 1Combustion entails the release of phlogistonSins entail behavioural transgressions
Stage 2But phlogiston theories cannot easily accommodate observed facts about the increased mass of certain burned objectsBut secular medicine cannot accommodate the soul as an explanatory factor
Stage 3So the explanation of combustion must move beyond the suggestions of the simple phlogiston theoristsSo unacceptable behaviour must be brought in to the secular, medical arena, not the religious, moral, one: it now becomes a matter of dysfunction of moral faculties–the mind rather than soul
EffectEventual development of modern chemistryEventual development of modern psychiatry