Table 3

Themes related to payment

Major themeCategories
Benefits to paying participantsIncrease study recruitment
Recognises participants
Problems with paying participantsBias study results
Induce unethical behaviours
Increase costs of research
Increase cost of end product to consumers
Conditions under which payment acceptableImprove problematic study recruitment
More equitable participation
Reimburse study related expenses
Compensate subjects for injury
Recognition of participants
Nature of recognition to be providedNon-monetary