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On Ageing and Maturing
  1. William Simkulet1,2
  1. 1Philosophy, Park University, Parkville, Missouri, USA
  2. 2Dodge City Community College, Dodge City, Kansas, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr William Simkulet, Philosophy, Park University, Parkville, Missouri 64152, USA; simkuletwm{at}


Räsänen draws a distinction between chronological age and biological age and argues that biological ageing is (sometimes) desirable. To demonstrate this, he asks us to consider the case of April, who like Karel Čapek’s Elina Makropulos, has stopped biologically ageing. Unlike Makropulos, though, April’s biological ageing was halted before puberty, so she will never mature into adulthood. Räsänen contends this case shows ageing can be desirable, but this equivocates between maturing and ageing. Here I argue biological ageing, or the wear and tear normally associated with chronological ageing, is prima facie undesirable, but that maturing can be prima facie desirable.

  • Disabled Persons
  • Ethics
  • Moral Status

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  • Contributors Ws is the sole contributor to this work.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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