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Contributors All authors listed met the ICMJE criteria for authorship.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.
↵Ss.92(1) & 95 Adoption and Children Act 2002
↵Ibid, ss.92(3) & 96(1)
↵Assuming the pregnancy was achieved via treatment at a licenced centre—if it was not then the legislation does not determine legal parenthood and common law presumptions apply.
↵And subject to the insemination or IVF having taken place in the course of licenced treatment.
↵Ss.2 (2) & 4 (1), Children Act 1989
↵Law Commission of England and Wales and Scottish Law Commission, Building Families through Surrogacy: A New Law – A Joint Consultation Paper (6 June 2019), 8.2
↵ ibid 8.29
↵ ibid 8.34