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From undergraduate to postgraduate uses of the dead human body: consequential ethical shift
  1. D Gareth Jones
  1. Department of Anatomy, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
  1. Correspondence to Professor D Gareth Jones, Department of Anatomy, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand; gareth.jones{at}


The dependence of surgical training programmes on the supply of bodies by for-profit organisations places them at serious ethical risk. These risks, with their commodification of the bodies used in the programme, are outlined. It is concluded that this is not a satisfactory model for the trainees’ subsequent interaction with living patients and that a code of practice is required.

  • donation/procurement of organs/tissues
  • ethics
  • human tissue

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  • Contributors This is entirely my own work.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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