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Differential payment to research participants in the same study: an ethical analysis
  1. Govind Persad1,
  2. Holly Fernandez Lynch2,
  3. Emily Largent2
  1. 1 Sturm College of Law, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado, USA
  2. 2 Medical Ethics and Health Policy, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
  1. Correspondence to Professor Emily Largent, Medical Ethics and Health Policy, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; elargent{at}pennmedicine.upenn.edu

Footnotes

  • Contributors All the authors contributed to the design of the research question, research, writing of content and substantive revisions of the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors All the authors contributed to the design of the research question, research, writing of content and substantive revisions of the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

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