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Ethics briefing

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  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

  • The ICO regulates the General Data Protection Regulation in the UK:

  • Under the previous UK Data Protection Act 1998, the maximum fine was £500 000.

  • Under GDPR data protection regulators or authorities, such as the ICO, are termed ‘supervisory authorities’.

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