Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Pregnant women should not be categorised as a ‘vulnerable population’ in biomedical research studies: ending a vicious cycle of ‘vulnerability’

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Contributors CBK drafted the commentary with substantive input and edits from RRF.

  • Funding The work referenced in this commentary was supported by the Wellcome Trust (grant number: 203160/Z/16/Z) and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health (award number: R01 AI108368-01A1). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health or the Wellcome Trust.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

  • Correction notice This article has been corrected since it was published Online First. Funding information have been added.

Linked Articles

  • Research ethics
    Indira S E van der Zande Rieke van der Graaf Martijn A Oudijk Johannes J M van Delden