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Female genital mutilation: multiple practices, multiple wrongs

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

  • i Arora and Jacobs prefer to use the concept of ‘female genital alteration’ (FGA) on the grounds that it conflates all procedures that alter a female's external genitalia. However, given that ‘FGM’ is the most commonly adopted and accepted expression in the public sphere, I use this term in this editorial.

  • ii Note, for the avoidance of doubt, that this categorisation differs from the Type I, II, III and IV classification system endorsed by the WHO.

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