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Ethics and end of life care: the Liverpool Care Pathway and the Neuberger Review
  1. Anthony Wrigley
  1. Correspondence to Dr Anthony Wrigley, Centre for Professional Ethics (PEAK), School of Law, Chancellor's Building, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK; a.wrigley{at}


The Liverpool Care Pathway for the Dying has recently been the topic of substantial media interest and also been subject to the independent Neuberger Review. This review has identified clear failings in some areas of care and recommended the Liverpool Care Pathway be phased out. I argue that while the evidence gathered of poor incidences of practice by the Review is of genuine concern for end of life care, the inferences drawn from this evidence are inconsistent with the causes for the concern. Seeking to end an approach that is widely seen as best practice and which can genuinely deliver high quality care because of negative impressions that have been formed from failing to implement it properly is not a good basis for radically overhauling our approach to end of life care. I conclude that improvements in training, communication and ethical decision-making, without the added demand to end the Liverpool Care Pathway, would have resulted in a genuine advance in end of life care.

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