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Enhancement's place in medicine
  1. Patricia D Scripko
  1. Correspondence to Patricia D Scripko, Medical Student and Graduate Student of Bioethics, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, 9500 Euclid Avenue, NA21, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA; Scripkp{at}


Many enhancement technologies are distributed by healthcare professionals—by physicians—who are held to the Hippocratic Oath and the goals of medicine. While the ethics of enhancement has been widely discussed with regard to the social justice, humanism, morals and normative values of these interventions, their place in medicine has not attracted a great deal of attention. This paper investigates the potential for enhancement technologies to fulfil the goals of medicine, arguing that they play a role in promoting the health of individuals, and thus, an unavoidable place in medicine. It also warns of potential dangers, suggesting a set of guidelines to initiate conversations regarding the role and responsibilities of physicians practising in an era of enhancement.

  • Concept of health
  • enhancement
  • general
  • philosophical ethics
  • philosophy of medicine

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  • Funding This study was funded by the General Clinical Research Center, Cleveland Clinic.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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