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Delivery of ambulance service by volunteers in Victoria, Australia: an ethical dilemma?
  1. B Xu
  1. Mr B Xu, St. Vincent’s Hospital Melbourne Clinical School, University of Melbourne, 41 Victoria Parade, Fitzroy, Victoria 3065, Australia; greatbear227{at}


The Alexandra District Ambulance Service is the only volunteer-based ambulance service in Victoria, Australia. It provides an opportunity to reflect on the ethical issues surrounding the delivery of ambulance service by volunteers, and its impact on the community.

  • ambulance
  • paramedic
  • volunteer
  • professional
  • rural

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  • Competing interests: None.

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