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Male circumcision and HIV prevention: ethical, medical and public health tradeoffs in low-income countries
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  • Published on:
    Muddled thinking and unsubstantiated assumptions

    The analysis of the role of circumcision as a preventive for HIV infection provided by Rennie et al. is driven by the social norm to circumcise [1] and shows a failure to appreciate the place of circumcision within the context of other HIV preventives, the ethics of recommending a health care intervention, the applicability of proxy-consent, and everyone's right to autonomy and security of person. In addition, the analysis is...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.
  • Published on:
    Circumcised by Force

    Dear Editor,

    Rennie, Muula and Westreich are right to draw attention to ethical questions surrounding circumcision. This is particularly important, especially now, when circumcision is being promoted as a way of reducing the chances of contracting HIV. I want to draw attention to something that is clearly unethical: forced circumcision.

    When Muslim extremists forcibly circumcised Christian men, women and...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.
  • Published on:
    Male circumcision as a public health policy: ethical challenges

    Dear Editor,

    The article by Stuart Rennie, Adamson Muula and Daniel Westreich [JME, 33:357], which focuses on the promotion of male circumcision for public health purposes, raises many practical issues, economic issues and ethical issues. The ethics of male circumcision have been already widely discussed, especially from a physician perspective [1]. Here we focus on the arguments developed by Rennie and colleagues...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.

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