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Gender balance and sex equality
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  1. F H Rushworth
  1. Specialist Registrar in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Singleton Hospital, Sketty, Swansea SA2 8QA; francesthomas@waitrose.com

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    Without intervention, a small preponderance of female over male infants will be born, and female children will have a slightly higher chance of living to maturity. Thereafter, the female population will decline comparatively sharply in consequence of death in childbirth. Historical evidence indicates that throughout the recorded history of Britain, there was a relative scarcity of women, and men dominated social structures. This situation was only reversed in the early decades of the 20th century, a time when three generations of young men had gone, in …

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