HIV-positive status and preservation of privacy: a recent decision from the Italian Data Protection Authority on the procedure of gathering personal patient data in the dental office
- 1Centre of Bioethics Research (with contribution of Fondazione Poliambulanza), Forensic Science Department, University of Brescia, Italy
- 2Dental School, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
- Correspondence to Dr Paola Delbon, Centre of Bioethics Research, Forensic Science Department, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy;
Contributors All authors contributed equally to this paper.
- Received 26 May 2011
- Revised 21 October 2011
- Accepted 14 December 2011
- Published Online First 7 February 2012
The processing of sensitive information in the health field is subject to rigorous standards that guarantee the protection of information confidentiality. Recently, the Italian Data Protection Authority (Garante per la Protezione dei Dati Personali) stated their formal opinion on a standard procedure in dental offices involving the submission of a questionnaire that includes the patient's health status. HIV infection status is included on the form. The Authority has stated that all health data collection must be in accordance with the current Italian normative framework for personal data protection and respect the patient's freedom. This freedom allows the patient to decide, in a conscious and responsible way, whether to share health information with health personnel without experiencing any prejudice in the provision of healthcare requested. Moreover, data collection must be relevant and cannot exceed the principles of treatment goals with reference to the specific care of the concerned person. However, the need for recording information regarding HIV infection at the first appointment, regardless of the clinical intervention or therapeutic plan that needs to be conducted, should not alter the standard protection measures of the healthcare staff. In fact, these measures are adopted for every patient.
- HIV infection
- informed consent
- terminal patients
- genetic tests
- forensic science
- deontological code
- applied and professional ethics
- laws and cases
- codes of/position statements on professional ethics
- education for healthcare professionals
Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.