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Should the practice of medicine be a deontological or utilitarian enterprise?
  1. Gerard Garbutt1,
  2. Peter Davies2
  1. 1Keighley Road Surgery, Illingworth, Halifax, UK
  2. 2Clinical Exercise Science, The School of Human and Health Sciences, The University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield, West Yorks, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Peter Davies, GP Principal, Keighley Road Surgery, Illingworth, Halifax HX2 9LL, UK; npgdavies{at}blueyonder.co.uk

Abstract

There is currently an unrecognised conflict between the utilitarian nature of the overall NHS and the basic deontology of the doctor-patient interaction. This conflict leads to mistrust and misunderstanding between managers and clinicians. This misunderstanding is bad for both doctors and managers, and also leads to waste of time and resources, and poorer services to patients. The utilitarian thinkers (mainly managers and politicians) tend to value finite, short term, evidence based technical interventions, delivered according to specifications and contracts. They appear happy to break care up into smaller pieces, which can then be commissioned from multiple providers. The deontological thinkers (mainly doctors and other clinicians) tend to think about care delivered through a long term continuous relationship, and regard that relationship as therapeutic and salutogenic in itself. To them breaking care up into smaller fragments is a denial of what caring is really about. Very rarely are either or both sides of this debate fully aware of where their powerfully felt and often well argued positions start from. In this paper we offer an appraisal of the strengths and weaknesses of both moral viewpoints as applied in the UK NHS context and we suggest a way in which they can be reconciled, provided neither is pushed too far or too hard against the other. We believe this reconciliation would be good for patients, doctors, managers and improve the service as a whole.

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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