In its approach to AIDS and HIV the law has to protect two conflicting interests; it must recognise the right of the public to be protected against the disease and it must recognise the right of the individual not to be unfairly restricted by having or being at risk of the disease. Consequently the law must make some compromise which while protecting public health also protects the individual so that the individual will feel free to come forward for available treatment. In this way prevention of spread of the disease is encouraged. How this compromise is or might be affected by British and American law is examined in several areas, including medico-legal matters, criminal and tort law, employment, insurance and education.
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